Pictorial Maps & Mapmakers

The history of pictorial maps extends to the earliest days of cartography. In early European mapmaking, pictorial elements (pictographs), such as castles, sailing ships and animals, often appear. As maps were increasingly used to convey “just the facts” in the 18th and 19th centuries, the use of decorative features in maps became less common.

Bird's eye view maps are a complementary technique featured in early geographies and histories, such as the Nuremberg Chronicle. In the late nineteenth century they were widely employed to chronicle the development of American cities.

Both these areas of cartography experienced a resurgence in the first half of the twentieth century, but 20th century pictorial maps have until recently received little attention. Indeed, even if produced in relatively large quantity (often given away free, some with instructions to “pin on the wall”), many of these maps are now quite scarce because of their ephemeral function.

From our experience collecting 20th century pictorial maps, MacDonald Gill’s Wonderground Map of London Town (1913) stands out as pivotal in this resurgence: during a rather pedestrian period of map publication it is an outstanding graphic, an oversized explosion of color and humor, harnessed to the goal of publicising a burgeoning popular transportation system. Over time we have collected many other maps from the 1920s and 30s which showed a clear debt to Gill’s map, and have thought of them under the umbrella “wonder maps.”

Elisabeth's article exploring this genre "MacDonald Gill: The Wonderground Map of 1913 and Its Influence" appeared in the Spring 2009 issue of the Journal of the International Map Collectors Society. In this article, she discusses influences behind the creation of the Wonderground Map and its innovative features, and provides illustrations of "wonder maps" from around the world. Copies of the Journal can be purchased from the IMCOS website at www.imcos.org.

In the United States, such well known names as N.C. Wyeth, Miguel Covarrubias, Jo Mora, Ruth Taylor White, Ernest Dudley Chase and John Held produced pictorial maps in this period, with much excellent work being produced by lesser known or now unknown artists. However, surprisingly little is recorded about many of these illustrators. So as we acquire these artifacts of popular culture, we endeavour to gather material about their origins.

Listed below are examples of the work of some of the designers of these pictorial maps: email us if you would like to be informed when a particular one is available for sale. If you have already, or think you might, fall under the spell of pictorial maps, sign up for my pictorial maps listing (a brief catalog of newly catalogued pictorial maps, and other information on pictorial maps emailed on an occasional basis).

We look forward to hearing about YOUR particular interests in this field and comments on collecting in this area. We are eager to hear from others with information on the artists and publishers behind these striking images which provide such an entertaining glimpse into our past.

Elisabeth Burdon and Craig Clinton

 

BLOODGOOD, Don

 Don Bloodgood

 

 

 

 

At right: A Pic-Tour Map of Washington DC. 1952.  

 

CAMY, Edward (1904-1958 )

Edward Camy

Edward Camy was born in 1904 in Fresno, CA. He died in San Francisco in 1958 at the age   of 54. Most of his life was spent as a graphic artist/illustrator in his San Francisco studio. Besides his illustrations for the Alaska Steamship line, he did illustrations for Santa Fe (illustrations of Passenger Trains) during the 1930's, 1940's. He also did artwork that appeared on highway billboards (the old  Signal Gasoline) and magazine ads (such     as Dole Pineapple). Much of his work as an illustrator included the cartoon style portrayed on the "Good Natured Map of Alaska." 

At right: A Good-Natured Map of Alaska showing the services offered by "The Alaska Line" and suggesting some of the most interesting features of the Territory. 1934.

 

CHASE, Ernest Dudley

Ernest Dudley Chase

 

 

 

 

At right: America the Wonderland.  A Pictorial Map of the United States. 1941.

 

EDDY, Gerald

Gerald Eddy

 

 

 

At right: Lake Tahoe. Lake Tahoe Sierra Association. California - Nevada. Circa 1940s.

 


GILL, MacDonald (1884-1947)

MacDonald Gill

An (Incomplete) Check List of Maps by MacDonald Gill

  • By Paying Us Your Pennies... The Wonderground Map Of London Town. 1913. Reissued as The Wonderground Map Of London Town. 1914.
  • Theatreland Map. 1915.
  • You've Only Got To Choose Your Bus. 1920.
  • In The Heat Of The Summer. 1922.
  • Peter Pan Map Of Kensington Gardens. 1923.
  • A Map Of Great Britain. Allied Newspapers Limited and Allied Northern Newspapers Limited. 1926.
  • Far Flung Our Bus Routes. 1928.
  • Map Of Ceylon Showing Her Tea Industry. [1934]. (pictured at right)
  • Tea Revives The World. 1940.
  • The "Time And Tide" Map Of The Atlantic Charter. 1942.
  • Australia Her Natural And Industrial Resources. Dated in image 1942.
  • Canada And Newfoundland, Their Natural And Industrial Resources. Dated in image 1942.
  • New Zealand Her Natural And Industrial Resources. Dated in image 1943.
  • Britain The World Centre. Cable & Wireless Great Circle Map. 1945.

  

GOODACRE, William J.
(Santa Barbara, California)

William J. Goodacre


 

 

 

 

 

At right: Flag Map of California. 1932.
 

 

HARRISON, Richard Edes

Richard Edes Harrison

 


 

 

 

At right: South America in globular perspective...from December 1937issue of Fortune Magazine.

 

LINDGREN, Jolly and Ott

In 1932 the Lindgren Brothers of Spokane, WA. began manufacturing colorful silk-screened maps depicting iconic national parks and other scenic areas. With emphasis on both verbal and visual humor, they titled these inexpensive tourist souvenirs "Hysterical Maps," seeking to distinguish them from "historical" pictorial maps, a genre then in vogue. Their popularity with the public prevailed for more than two decades and today "Hysterical Maps" produced by the Lindgrens occupy a signal place in the vibrant arena of twentieth century comic cartography.

Jolly and Ott Lindgren

An (Incomplete) Check List of Lindgren Brothers Hysterical Maps
Multiple copyrights indicate several versions:

  • Black Hills – ©1938
  • Bryce Canyon National Park – ©1948
  • Columbia Basin Irrigation System – undated  (c. 1947)
  • Death Valley National Monument – ©1948 (pictured at right)
  • Fishermen's map of Montana - ©1940
  • Glacier Park – ©1938
  • Grand Canyon National Park – ©1940
  • Grand Coulee Dam – ©1940
  • Great Smoky Mts – ©1955 (drawn by William S. Terao)
  • Idaho – ©1936
  • Jackson Hole Country & Grand Teton National Park –© 1947, 1948 (Library of Congress copyright entry 1935)
  • Lake Tahoe – ©1947
  • Montana – undated
  • Mount Rainier – © 1933, 1940
  • Mother Load – © 1948
  • Olympic Peninsula and Puget Sound Country – ©1933
  • Palm Springs – ©1948
  • Red Lodge—Cook Highway—The Cody Road…And Dude Ranch Country – ©1938
  • Rocky Mountain National Park – ©1948
  • Spokane Country (1932)
  • Sunny Old Spokane (city) – ©1938
  • Tennessee – ©1953 (drawn by William S. Terao)
  • Washington – undated
  • Yellowstone Park – © 1933, 1936 and 1948
  • Yellowstone National Park and Jackson Hole Country – undated (postcard possibly 1948)
  • Yosemite National Park – © 1933, 1936 and 1948
  • Zion National Park – ©1939

 

MCCANDLISH, Edward Gerstall  (1887-1946)
Edward Gerstell McCandlish
Edward Gerstall McCandlish had an extraordinarily varied working career including being a staff cartoonist at the Washington  Post where he illustrated a Sunday column called the "Bunny Tots", an illustrator of many children's books and designer of many toys, and designer of three humorous pictorial maps: The Bootlegger's Map of the United States, The Ration Map of the U.S., and the "Un-Convention-Al Map of New Haven." His family has a website devoted to his children's book illustrations at http://www.frontiernet.net/~mccandlh/edward.shtml

At right: Bootlegger's Map of the United States. 1926.

 

MORA, Jo

  • Jo MoraMonterey Peninsula 1927-1928
  • The Seventeen Mile Drive 1927
  • California 1927
  • San Diego 1928
  • Grand Canyon 1931 (black and white, later printed in color)
  • Yellowstone 1931 (black and white, later printed in color)
  • Yosemite 1931 (black and white, later printed in color 1941, 1949)
  • Ye Old Spanish Main (South America) 1933
  • Carmel-by-the-Sea (1942) (pictured at right)
  • Los Angeles (1942)
  • California (1945)

 

OLSEN, Edwin and Blake Clark

Edwin Olsen and Blake Clark 


 

 

At right: Map of the City of Washington in the District of Columbia shewing the Architecture and History from the Most Ancient Times Down to the Present. 1926.

 

OWENS, Charles

Charles Owens

 


 

 

 

At right: Untitled pictorial map of invasion routes into Sicily.   Sunday Journal. July 11, 1943.

 

 

ROUTLEDGE, Fred A.

Fred A. RoutledgeRoutledge started illustrating for The West Shore magazine in the late 1800s; when that publication ceased operation he moved to   The Oregonian newspaper where some of his first panoramic bird's eye views were published.

At right: America's Greatest Scenic Asset The Columbia Highway Portland, Oregon. Circa 1924.

 


SHELTON, Hal

Hal Shelton

 


 

 

 

At right: Sun Valley. Circa 1960s.

 

SHURTLEFF, Elizabeth

Elizabeth Shurtleff

 


 

At right: A Map of the Bermuda Islands. The Sommer Ilands. Ia des Demonios Isles of the Devils. 1930.

 

SMITH, Karl

Karl Smith

 


 

 

At right: Jefferson Davis National Highway. 1935.  

 

SUCHY, Arthur B.

Arthur B. Suchy

 


 

 

At right: Key West Florida. Cayo Hueso. Circa 1940.   

 

SUNDBERG, Edwin L.

Edwin L.Sundberg
 


 

 

 

 

At right: Our Neighbors to the South. Sunday News. May 21, 1944.

 

WHITE, Ruth Taylor

Ruth Taylor White

 

 

 

 

 

At right: A Cartograph of Monterey Bay Region. 1932.